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Friday, April 11, 2014

11 Positive Black Female Characters Worthy of Being Emulated

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Claire Huxtable – Portrayed by Phylicia Rashad
Claire Huxtable is the intelligent, eloquent, and beautiful wife of Cliff Huxtable (Bill Cosby) on the long-running NBC television series, “The Cosby Show,” (1984-1992).  As the queen of the Huxtable household, Claire manages to balance motherhood with a successful career as a lawyer. Claire’s positive character is attributed to her unique ability to do it all; she orchestrates a busy home with all of the Huxtable kids, while not missing a beat in her professional career. As an attorney and a devoted mother, Claire’s character exemplifies the versatility of the Black female, and proves that being a loving mother and having a successful career isn’t mutually exclusive.

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Dr. Miranda Bailey – Portrayed by Chandra Wilson

Dr. Miranda Bailey is the tough but loving physician at Seattle Grace Hospital on the ABC television series “Grey’s Anatomy,” which debuted in 2005. While her personality may be blunt, Miranda’s success as a doctor is shown through her support for her staff, and her affection for her patients. Today, more than ever, the African-American female is regarded as independent and professional. Juggling motherhood, a failing relationship and a busy career as a surgeon, Dr. Bailey personifies traits of today’s women, embodying positive attributes that are both relative and inspirational.

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Storm is a leader of the X-Men in the original comic books by Marvel Comics. Storm expresses her powers with her unique ability to alter the weather. Storm’s significance is historic; she debuted in 1975 as the first Black female comic book character for either Marvel Comics or DC Comics. Storm’s strength and leadership are positive traits that many women can relate to. Though her powers may be supernatural, Storm still serves as a source of motivation. She is symbolic of the transitioning role of the Black female, and represents the countless women holding powerful positions worldwide.

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Florida Evans – Portrayed by Esther Rolle
Florida Evans is the good-hearted and hard-working mother of the Evans family on the CBS television series “Good Times” (1974-1979). As the mother of three, she was able to provide for her family despite the array of challenging circumstances they faced. Plagued by racial prejudices, financial struggles, and even the loss of loved ones, Florida’s positivity and strength were her assets. Her strong will and ability to smile through adversity, makes her a role model and proves that life obstacles don’t have to dictate one’s happiness.

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Monica Wright – Portrayed by Sanaa Lathan
Monica Wright is a determined athlete who pursues a professional basketball career, as well as love off the court in the 2000 romantic movie drama, Love and Basketball. Monica is a stand-out basketball player not just devoted to the sport, but totally invested in her life-long love, Quincy McCall (Omar Epps). With Black women breaking barriers across all platforms of society, such as politics, business and especially sports, Monica’s drive illustrates the full capabilities of the African-American female. Her “stubborn” personality demonstrates that belief in yourself is enough to make even your wildest dreams come true.

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Vivian Banks – Portrayed by Janet Hubert-Whitten and Daphne Maxwell Reid
Vivian Banks is the no-nonsense, matriarchal figure of the Banks residence on the NBC sitcom, “The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air” (1990-1996).  The role was split between two actresses over the show’s six seasons, but Vivian maintained a career-minded, serious but entertaining demeanor, which sets the tone for a successful family. Though the character is not explored in depth and her personality slightly alters with the change in actresses, Vivian’s rags to riches story (from dropout to doctor) makes her a positive inspiration to all. As a retired doctor from humble beginnings, Vivian’s accomplishments encourages women to reach their full potential despite early hardships

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Jessica Pearson – Portrayed by Gina Torres
Jessica Pearson is the commanding, elegant, and well-dressed managing partner at  the law firm Pearson Hardman on the USA Network series, “Suits,” which premiered in 2011. Pearson appears to be cold-hearted in her pursuit of power, as she does whatever is necessary to maintain success. Pearson’s professionalism and overall business approach epitomizes the expansive role of women in the workforce. Many Black women today are decision makers and leaders of successful companies, and Pearson is indicative of that. Her work ethic is to be admired, working tirelessly to move up the ladder, from lawyer to partner of the firm – and whatever other goals she sets her mind to.

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Akeelah Anderson – Portrayed by Keke Palmer
Akeelah Anderson is a bright 11-year-old girl from the inner-city, who competes in the “Scripps National Spelling Bee” in the 2006  film, “Akeelah and the Bee.” Akeelah seems to be an outcast until she realizes she is a gifted speller. With hard work and focus, Akeelah ignores stereotypes to overcome her fears and personal circumstances, eventually competing and winning both local and national spelling contests. Akeelah serves as motivation for the many inner-city children, especially girls, who feel out of place and inadequate and harbor notions of inequality. She is a positive influence, reinforcing the importance of education and self-confidence.

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Michonne – Portrayed by Danai Gurira
Michonne is a mysterious, fearless survivor in the AMC cable television series, “The Walking Dead,” first aired in 2010.  She arms herself with a katana, a Japanese sword, which she uses mercilessly to defend herself. While not much is made about her past, she is believed to have been a lawyer before the outbreak. With her closest loved ones dead, her courage and survival skills embody her bold character. Michonne’s appearance alone reflects a sense of self-worth and understanding to fans of this character. Her dreadlocks and dark complexion, which at times are irrationally associated with negative traits and false stereotypes, give viewers an alternative view of our culture. Dreads and all, Michonne’s look doesn’t define who she is, but rather, eliminates preconceived notions. She is a positive character to us all, demonstrating immense bravery in the show and providing new images of Black female beauty and power.

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Queenie – Portrayed by Gabourey Sidibe
Queenie is a smart, tough and prideful witch in season 4 of  the FX cable television  2011 series, ”American Horror Story.”  While she is often an outcast, ridiculed for her weight, she remains proud, carrying herself with confidence. As a human voodoo doll, Queenie has the ability to transfer self-inflicted pain to anyone she chooses. Despite her feelings of not fitting in and not receiving the respect she deserves, Queenie remains admirable and she maintains her self-assurance. While many people cope with issues of inequality and a lack of self-confidence, Queenie’s positivity speaks directly to those personal doubts. Her impact is important, supporting those with wavering confidence while pushing the belief that we all deserve to be comfortable in our own skin.

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Julia Baker – Portrayed Diahann Carroll
Julia Baker is the widowed, single mother who works as a nurse on the television show, “Julia.” Aired on NBC from 1968 to 1971, “Julia,” was one of the first television series to depict an African-American female in a non-traditional, non-stereotypical role. As a nurse, Julia had a successful job and lived in a suburban setting, far different from the servant roles or ghetto living conditions that viewers were used to seeing African-Americans cast in at the time. As a single mother raising a young child, Julia was undoubtedly a positive interpretation of Blackness and femininity. Without Julia, many of the characters we are privileged to see today would not exist. Her role shaped the future of television and changed the perception of the Black female forever.

5 Native American Communities Who Owned Enslaved Africans

Stories about Black and Native American connections are rarely told within the narrow historical context shared in classrooms, history books and around family tables, but there are some details that reveal a more complete story of enslavement in the Americas.
In the 1830s, the enslavement of Blacks was established in the Indian Territory, the region that would become Oklahoma. By the late 19th century, when over half a million Africans were enslaved in the South, the southern Native American societies of that region had come to include both enslaved Blacks and small numbers of free Black people.
Though the harsh treatment of enslaved Africans largely paled in comparison to that of white slaveholders,  Blacks still were treated as an underclass among Native Americas. The Five Civilized Tribes even established slave codes that protected owners’ property rights and restricted the rights of Blacks.
Here are the Five Civilized Tribes who held Black people as slaves.

It is no surprise that the Native Americans knew the land well. Their knowledge became a lucrative business, especially for the Chickasaws who had keen navigation skills. They were hired by white slaveholders to traverse the terrain to capture Blacks who had escaped slavery.
The Chickasaw also held enslaved Africans of their own, and the system they established closely approximated that of white slaveholders on cotton plantations.

Photo: Wikipedia
Photo: Wikipedia
The Choctaw, who sided with the Confederacy during the American Civil War, held Blacks as captives from warfare. When they adopted elements of European culture, such as large farms and plantations, they also incorporated the system of chattel slavery of people of African descent.
Slavery was abolished by the Choctaw Nation in 1865. Per a treaty signed with the U.S. in that same year, the Choctaw were required to admit freedmen – Blacks newly emancipated from slavery – into their tribe.

Photo: making connections
Photo: making connections
Cherokee is the largest tribal nation in the United States.  They also held more Black slaves than any other Native American community.  By 1860, the Cherokee had 4,600 slaves.  Those Black people held captive revolted against the Cherokee in 1842.

Photo: Gutenberg
Photo: Gutenberg
The Creek also adopted the enslavement of Black people. Most of the enslaved Africans were owned by wealthy and prominent men, many of whom wielded considerable political power. Black people were forced to worked primarily as agricultural laborers, cultivating cotton for their masters’ profit and food for consumption.

Photo: Indian Country Today Media Network
Photo: Indian Country Today Media Network
The Seminole held some Black people as slaves; however, a unique relation evolved between them and enslaved Africans who had fled to Florida to escape slavery on white plantations. Many Black people found a comparable form of freedom among the Seminoles and they were allowed a form of sanctuary in exchange for paying an annual tribute of livestock, crops, and military assistance.
In general, the Blacks never wholly adopted Seminole culture and beliefs, nor were they accepted into Seminole society because they were not considered Native American. They typically lived in their own independent communities, elected their own leadership, and could amass wealth in cattle and crops. Black Seminoles were also able to bear arms for self-defense.

Wednesday, April 9, 2014

5 Reasons To Be Suspicious About the US Search For Kony In Uganda

(FILES) A file picture taken on November 

Joseph Kony Has Not Been In Uganda Since 2006
Joseph Kony is the leader of a militant rebel group operating in central Africa called the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA).  He was brought under fire by the global community when his brutal practice of capturing thousands of children to be trained as soldiers in the LRA and exploiting children as sex slaves was revealed. The United States government used this information to justify its role in an Ugandan insurgency in 2011.
However, Kony has not been in Uganda since 2006. After failed peace talks and a successful Ugandan military show of force, Kony and the LRA were pushed out of Uganda. Since then, he and his rebellion have been operating throughout neighboring countries including the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Despite the rebel leader’s absence from Uganda for five years, U.S. President Barack Obama sent 100 troops to Uganda in 2011 to search for him.

Uganda is Rich in Natural Resources
Uganda is one of the most resource-rich countries in Africa. Lush forests, an abundance of oil and natural gas and mineral ores make up a substantial part of Uganda’s landscape.
The United States has an ongoing challenge with depletion of natural resources, and the government is constantly seeking solutions to correct the scarcity. Often, the key to obtaining natural resources involves an American military insurgency and economic warfare.


 US Threatened to Freeze Aid But Offered to Ramp Up  Military Assistance  
In December 2013, the Ugandans approved the “Anti-Homosexual Act,” which criminalize homosexuality, including life imprisonment for homosexual intercourse between HIV-positive individuals, underage children and the disabled.
U.S. Secretary of  State John Kerry denounced the bill as “morally wrong” and drew parallels between the Ugandan government and homosexuals, and Nazi Germany and Holocaust victims.
On March 20, 2014, the Obama administration announced that nearly $10 million in aid would be redirected to nongovernmental organizations in Uganda.
While the U.S. government sought to punish the Ugandan people for their views on sexual orientation, they were eager to offer several CV-22 Osprey aircraft, along with 150 Air Force Special Operations forces and other airmen, to join the American troops already in the region to help the Ugandan government find Mr. Kony.

LRA Numbers Have Decreased
Initial reports stated that more than 66,000 children were forced into military service under Kony’s leadership; however, that number reflects the number of children abducted by the LRA over the span of 30 years.
In 2012, the number of Kony’s Lord’s Resistance Army was reported to have dwindled to a few hundred soldiers in total.

Invisible Children and the Kony 2012 Documentary

“Kony 2012″ was a documentary produced by the American charity, Invisible Children. Since its YouTube release on March 5, 2012, the film has amassed almost 10o million views. “Kony 2012″ went viral. Not only did the film shine light on the exploitation of the children abducted by the LRA, the film also rallied support to stop the rebel leader, from millions of people around the world.
Unfortunately, the film misinformed the masses with reports that Joseph Kony and the Lord’s Resistance Army was still unleashing terror on Ugandans at the time of its release.
Many Ugandans were outraged by the deceptions portrayed in Kony 2012. Dr. Beatrice Mpora, director of Kairos, a community health organization in Gulu, Uganda, stated, “What that video says is totally wrong, and it can cause us more problems than help us.”
She added:  ”There has not been a single soul from the LRA here since 2006. Now we have peace, people are back in their homes, they are planting their fields, they are starting their businesses. That is what people should help us with.”
“Kony 2012″ was released less than five months after the Obama administration initially sent troops to Uganda on October 12, 2011, to allegedly provide military support against the LRA.

6 Famous Black Women Who’ve Spoken Out About Sexual Abuse

National research shows that 60 percent of African-American girls have been sexually assaulted by age 18.
Black women are members of a community that maintains a cultural history of silence in cases of sexual assault largely because of a distrust of authority and fearing that they will not be taken seriously. In addition, Black women often bear a psychological inheritance carried from slavery, a period when they were considered property and were  the victims of abuse that was normalized in society.
The U.S.Department of Justice estimates that for every rape reported by a Black woman, at least 15 cases go unreported.
These six Black women, who just happen to be in the public eye, have broken the code of silence to speak about their experience of sexual abuse.
Photo: redeyechicago
Photo: redeyechicago
Gabrielle Union
Gabrielle Union has spoken out about being raped at gunpoint when she was 19 while working a summer job at a Payless shoe store. The 41-year-old actress said on ABC’s “The View,” that she did not want to labeled a victim, but a survivor.
“Being a victim is so comfortable,” she said. “People give you attention… but it’s not for something positive… I hated the cloak of victim and I realized that the people around me were going to not let me succeed, or achieve, or meet all of my goals [because of it] and I wanted that cloak of victimhood off. I wanted to embrace being a survivor.”

Photo: Mommy Noire
Mary J. Blige 
Mary J. Blige, the queen of hip-hop soul, is known for her heart-gripping emotional lyrics. The “I’m Not Gonna Cry” singer has been vocal about the palpable pain in her music stemming from years of abuse. She says that she was raped at 5 years old by a family friend and it shaped her self-perception years into her adulthood.
“I remember feeling, literally right before it happened, I just could not believe that this person was going to do this to me,” Blige said. “That thing followed me all my life. The shame of thinking my molestation was my fault – it led me to believe I wasn’t worth anything.”

Photo: Lohudblogs
Oscar and Golden Globe award winner Mo’Nique opened up about being sexually abused by her older brother when she was 7.  When receiving the Golden Globe for her role as an abusive mother in the Lee Daniels-directed film “Precious,”  Mo’Nique said the honor was dedicated to victims of abuse. She urged women to tell their own stories.
“I celebrate this award with all the Preciouses, with all the Marys — I celebrate this award with every person that’s ever been touched. It’s now time to tell. And it’s OK,” she said.

Photo: BizzyBlanco
Photo: BizzyBlanco
Fantasia Barrino
Singer Fantasia Barrino has been an open book about her past since she emerged on the scene after winning season 3 of the television competition, American Idol.
One revelation, told while taping the VH1 docu-series “Behind the Music,” was that she was raped while in high school in the auditorium.
Fantasia says the experience and the subsequent taunting was the reason she dropped out.
“It got out… I was hearing things in the hallways. They were saying, ‘I’m gonna do you the same way he did you,’ and that for me was it…. I figured the best way to handle this was to never go back.”

Photo: Grace University
Photo: Grace University
Oprah Winfrey
Media maven Oprah Winfrey has carved a successful career by being a relatable voice to millions.
Winfrey is a siren for many issues, one of them being sexual abuse, which she was famously candid about during a 1986 taping of her show featuring sexual abuse victims and their offenders.
During the segment, she revealed that she had been raped by a relative when she was 9 years old and the abuse from this relative — and others — continued until she was 13, leading to sexual promiscuity and a teenage pregnancy.
Winfrey continues to be a sounding board for those who have experienced abuse.

Photo: Business Week
Photo: Business Week
Maya Angelou
Poet and cultural legend Maya Angelou has provided a voice for Black people’s, struggles, pains and victories for decades. Perhaps, her art freed her voice, once mute after she was raped at 7 years old by her mother’s boyfriend. Angelou writes about being raped in the coming-of-age novel, “I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings” (1969).

Monday, March 17, 2014

10 Leaders You May Not Have Known Were Influenced by Marcus Garvey

marcus garvey
Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. was a Jamaican-born political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur and orator who was a staunch proponent of the Black nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements. Garvey’s efforts sparked the first mass movement of Pan-Africanism across the globe.
He left a substantial body of written work and a clear message that has inspired the Nation of Islam, the Rastafarian movement and many individual Black leaders around the world.

Martin Luther King, Jr Ad. 

Martin Luther King, Jr.
During a trip to Jamaica on June 20, 1965, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. and his wife Coretta Scott King made it a point to visit the shrine of Garvey, where they laid a wreath on his grave.
In a speech King told the audience that Garvey “was the first man of color to lead and develop a mass movement. He was the first man on a mass scale and level to give millions of Negroes a sense of dignity and destiny, and make the Negro feel he was somebody.”

Malcolm X
Muslim minister and a human rights activist Malcolm X always spoke highly of Garvey in his speeches and writings. In his autobiography, Malcolm remembered his father, saying: “The image of him that made me proudest was his crusading and militant campaigning with the words of Marcus Garvey… it was only me that he sometimes took with him to the Garvey U.N.I.A. meetings, which he held quietly in different people’s homes.”

Kwame Nkrumah 

Kwame Nkrumah
While in college in the United States, Kwame Nkrumah was heavily influenced by the writings and ideas of Garvey and he decided to begin working immediately to free Africa from its colonial rule.
In 1957, when Ghana took back its independence from the British, Nkrumah became the first president and first prime minster of Ghana.
In honor of Garvey’s first shipping business called “The Black Star Line,” Nkrumah named the national shipping line of Ghana, the “Black Star Line,” and the national soccer team, the “Black Stars.” A black star also appears in the center of the national flag of Ghana.

Steve Biko
Steve Biko was a noted anti-apartheid activist in South Africa during the 1960s and 1970s. Biko was one of  his country’s most significant political activists and a leading founder of  its Black consciousness movement. After his death in police detention in 1977, he was hailed as a martyr of the anti-apartheid struggle. Biko was greatly influenced by the vision of Marcus Garvey.

w.e.b. dubois 

W.E.B. Du Bois
W.E.B. Du Bois was a scholar, civil rights activist and Pan-Africanist who opposed Garvey strongly on many of his ideologies. Du Bois, however, did concede commendations for Garvey’s eloquence and oration.
Like Garvey, Du Bois had reverence for Africa and after a visit in the 1920s, he committed himself to the cause of African freedom. Du Bois declared that he would spend the remaining years of his life fighting against imperialism.
Eventually Du Bois left the NAACP he co-founded, and helped organize the 1945 Pan-African Congress in Manchester, England, which elected him its international president.

nelson mandela 

Nelson Mandela
In Nelson Mandela’s address to Congress in Washington, D.C. on June, 26 1990, the former president of South Africa publicly recognized Garvey’s oratorical skills:
“We could not have made an acquaintance through literature with human giants such as George Washington, Abraham Lincoln and Thomas Jefferson and not been moved to act as they were moved to act. We could not have heard of and admired John Brown, Sojourner Truth, Frederick Douglass, W.E.B. Du Bois, Marcus Garvey, Martin Luther King Jr., and others, and not be moved to act as they were moved to act. We could not have known of your Declaration of Independence and not elected to join in the struggle to guarantee the people life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.”

Kwame Ture
Though Kwame Ture came on the scene nearly 50 years after Garvey, speeches from the two men show no doubt where Ture’s views originated. Ture was an outspoken Black activist, Pan-Africanist and socialist.
“We had no more courage than Harriet Tubman or Marcus Garvey had in their times. We just had a more vulnerable enemy.”
-Kwame Ture-

Elijah Mohammad
 Elijah Muhammad
In 1923 in Detroit,  Elijah Poole and his wife joined Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association, attended meetings and were very active. They even considered themselves “Garveyites.”
Eleven years later, Poole, renamed Elijah Muhammad, went on to lead the Nation of Islam. Following the teaching of Garvey, Muhammad recruited hundreds of thousands of Black people into the Nation of Islam, developed Black-owned businesses, large real estate holdings, security forces and schools. He built a mass movement that spans the globe today.
In his book, “Message to the Black Man,” Muhammad makes many references to Garvey, and clearly shows how he was inspired by the U.N.I.A. movement.

Minister Louis Farrakhan
Louis Farrakhan
Even as he was growing up, Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan did not miss the significance of Garvey’s achievements. He has said many times that he was inspired by the life and accomplishments of Garvey.
Farrakhan often recalls from his childhood the time when he visited his uncle’s home and stared at a picture above the fireplace.
Young Louis asked, “Who is that man?”
His uncle picked him up, put him on his shoulders and said, “That’s Marcus Garvey.”
Louis asked, “What did he do?”
His uncle said, “He came to unite our people.”
Louis said, “Where is he? I want to meet him.”
His uncle said, “You can’t. He’s dead”.
Farrakhan says he cried then, and felt lost because Garvey was gone.

Zora Neale Hurston
Zora Neale Hurston 
Zora Neale Hurston was an American folklorist, anthropologist and author, who was inspired by Garvey’s teachings. Of Hurston’s four novels and more than 50 published short stories, plays, and essays, she is best known for her 1937 novel, “Their Eyes Were Watching God.”
Her 1925 high spirited play, “Meet the Mamma,” was set in the time when Garvey’s movement was at its pinnacle. Act 1 takes place in a Harlem club; Act 2 aboard an ocean liner; and Act 3 in the jungles of Africa.
The play highlighted Garvey’s “Back to Africa” movement.

Friday, March 14, 2014

6 Ways The ‘Black Superhero’ Influenced Hollywood and The World

Horus standing
The Word “Hero” came from the name for an Egyptian God
Horus is one of the oldest deities of ancient Egypt. He was also known as Kemwer, meaning (the) great Black (one), the god of vengeance, sky, protection, and was usually depicted as a falcon-headed man.
While Egyptologists often refer to him as “Horus the hawk, the avenger,” some scholars assert that the word “hero” comes from Horus’ original African name, Heru or Hor.
Gerald Massey, a 19th-century scholar, said that the word “hero” comes from the Egyptian concept, “ma haru,” meaning “the typical warrior” or the “true hero.”

heru horus vs. superman 

Is Superman Based On The Egyptian God Horus?
With the success of his adventures, Superman helped to create the superhero genre and establish its primacy within the American comic book. The origins of this Eurocentric superhero appear to have been inspired by Heru, the original Black African Superman.
Heru was the first known superman character. It originated in the African mind and preceded the European formation of the superman by thousands of years. Massey said in one of his lectures that Heru was known as the greatest hero that lived in the mind of man—not in the flesh—the only hero to whom the miracles were natural, because he was not human.
Here are some similarities between Heru and DC’s Superman:
1. Heru’s powers emanate from the sun because he is an aspect of the sun (Ra), the Supreme God. Superman as a Kryptonian gets his power from the earth’s yellow sun.
2. Heru comes from an advanced civilization of deities. As an infant, he came from Egypt to the earth with his mother Auset, to escape destruction. Superman, as an infant, comes from the advanced civilization of Krypton to escape destruction.
3. Heru lost his father. Superman lost his parents.
4. Heru possesses the divine strength, power, might, courage and endurance of a solar god. Superman possesses the superhuman strength, power, courage and stamina of a Kryptonian energized by the sun.
5. Heru, the Golden Falcon/Solar Hawk-the Winged Solar Disc can fly anywhere at supernatural speeds. Superman can fly faster than the speed of light.
6. Heru dies and was resurrected twice as Asar (Osiris) and as an infant. Superman died and was resurrected.
7. Heru fights the never-ending battle for Maat, which is Truth, Justice and Righteousness. Maat is his mother Auset (Isis). Superman fights for Truth, Justice and the American Way.
8. Heru is an Angel of God or Amon -Ra called a neter in Egyptian theology. Superman’s real name is Kal- El.
9. Heru possesses the All-Seeing Eye of Atum -Ra, God which is an aspect of his mother Auset, thereby giving him omniscience and solar heat vision. Superman has X-ray vision, telescopic vision and heat vision.
10. Heru is of the House of God, Atum-Ra. Superman is of the House of EL, God.

Antar ibn shaddad
Was the King Arthur Story Influence By a Black Arabian Knight?
There is little, if any, hardcore evidence that the legendary hero King Arthur lived, however; there is evidence that more than 1,500 years ago, there lived in Saudi Arabia, an Afro-Arabic warrior-poet named Antar or Antarah ibn Shaddad. Described as having jet-black skin, Antar was a well-known romantic who was extremely courageous in battle. History has dubbed him the “father of knighthood … [and] chivalry” and “the king of heroes.”
The Historia Brittonum, a ninth-century historical compilation attributed to a Welsh cleric called Nennius, contains the first datable mention of King Arthur. When the Moors crossed the Straits of Gibraltar and conquered the Iberian Peninsula in the eighth century, the Moorish knights heavily influenced the warriors of Europe.
They would likely have brought the famous stories of Antar’s adventures with them to Europe. Could this have influenced the King Arthur stories that would later become popular in Europe during the rule of the Moors (711-1492) and the source of many Hollywood films about the hero?

Nubian Warrior Princess
Nzinga Lived. Xena, The Warrior-Princess, Did Not.
DC comic book heroine Wonder Woman is known as the warrior princess of the Amazons (based on the Amazons of Greek mythology). She is gifted with a range of superhuman powers and superior combat skills. However, Nzinga, the brave Angolan warrior-queen is a real-life heroine, who was gifted with some skills of her own, which she used to fight against Portuguese slave traders for decades.
And let’s not forget the Kushite warrior princess, Amanirenas, the Kandake of Meroe who is remembered for her loyal combat, side-by-side, with her soldiers, defending Kush against Rome.
The only “thoroughly documented amazons in world history,” are the women warriors of Dahomey, or Mino, who were West African women who served as the king’s bodyguards. Known for being well trained and proficient in battle, the Dahomey warrior-wives fought against French colonization, and unlike the Grecian “Amazons” and the comic book “Amazon” Wonder Woman, were real-life superheroes.

Black and Chinese monks
The First Martial Arts Story Had A Black Hero
Martial arts movies have been a staple in both Hollywood and the Far East. In China, during the reign of the Tang Dynasty in the ninth century, there lived a writer named Pei Xing.
Although there is no proof that he was Black,  he wrote what some have called “China’s first martial arts short story,” titled “Kunlun Nu, ” or “The Kunlun Slave.”  It means “The Negrito Slave” or “little Black” slave  in Chinese. In the story, the hero is an enslaved Black man with superpowers.  He can fly and has unmatched martial arts skills – just as in the traditional Chinese martial arts films of past and present.
Ming Dynasty writer and playwright Mei Dingzuo wrote a play titled, “How the Kunlun Slave Became an Immortal.” The play expands upon Pei Xing’s story by explaining how the Black hero used Taoist practices to become immortal and why a past life obligation caused him to remain a slave even though he had superhuman abilities.

Hollywood Made the Last Samurai White, But The First and Best One Was Black

Hollywood used Tom Cruise to  portray the last Samurai as a white man, but in feudal Japan, he probably wouldn’t have even made the cut. A Japanese proverb states that: “For a Samurai to be brave, he must have a bit of Black blood.” Another version of the proverb is: “Half the blood in one’s veins must be Black to make a good Samurai.”
In Japan, a noted Black warrior and Japanese general who historians have called “the paragon of military virtue,” was the first person to bear the Japanese title of sei-i tai shogun – meaning “barbarian-subduing generalissimo.” His name was Sakanouye Tammamura Maro, sometimes spelled Sakanouye No Tamuramaro.  Sakanouye Tamura Maro, a Black man, became the first Shogun of Japan.

10 Cute African Names and Meanings You May Want To Consider for Your Baby

cute baby girl 3 

Nefertari originates from Kemet (ancient Egypt) and it means the “most beautiful.”

Shaka means “chief or leader” and its origin is South Africa.

Amara is from Nigeria and it means “elegance or grace”.

Akhenaten originates from Kemet (ancient Egypt), and the name means “devoted to Aten(Sun).”

cut baby girl 2 

Nzinga means “beautiful” and its origin is from Central African.

Naro bushman (San) baby with its mother, Central Kalahari, Botswana 

Kabaka Kabaka  means “king” and its origin is from Uganda.

cute baby girl 2
Makemba is a name from Central African meaning “Congolese goddess.”

cute baby boy 2 

Idrissa is a name from Senegal meaning “immortal.”

Desta is from the Amharic language of Ethiopia and it means “joy or happiness.”

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Adisa Adisa is a Ghanaian name meaning “one who will teach us.”

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